Middle Class Mass Housing: public / private joint-ventures


Filipa Fiúza


This session aims to understand the role of the State in what could be called “indirect” promotion of Middle-Class Mass Housing. We are interested in papers that deal with public-private joint-ventures and not housing directly built and managed by the public powers. The preferred time frame is from the 1960s onwards, and papers should highlight the shift to the private sector of the housing responsibilities traditionally associated with the public sector, at least since the post-war period. That is, the gradual substitution, by the public powers, of the direct development, construction and management of housing for the low and middle classes, with a more indirect support.

Papers should examine why these public-private were formed (in the broader socio-economic context), and how were its characteristics, including in terms of regulations, tax exemptions or cuts, cost-control, advantages in land acquisition, types of tenure, controlled rent or sales, relationships between the various agents (State and local powers, construction companies, architects and other professionals), speculation prevention, risk minimization, etc.

In sum, it is intended to perceive the eventual differences between the large housing estates for the middle-class that were totally public endeavours, and the ones that were the result of this strategy shift. To this end, it is also essential to trace the evolution of these estates in the last decades, presenting case studies, for example. Papers that deal with this kind of public policies are welcome. The aim is to outline a first draft of these public-private ventures across the world, and to assess if they met the housing demand, when comparing them with the exclusively public ones.

Short bio

Filipa Fiúza (Cacém, 1988) 

Has completed the Master’s Degree in Architecture (2010) in ISCTE-IUL (Lisbon University Institute). She is currently a PhD student on Cultural Heritage of Portuguese Influence at the Centre for Social Studies and Institute for Interdisciplinary Research of the University of Coimbra. Researcher at DINÂMIA'CET-IUL - Centre for Socioeconomic and Territorial Studies, since 2012. Participant in the Cost Action CA18137 “European Middle-Class Mass Housing” (2019-23), supported by the EU Framework Programme Horizon 2020. Researcher in several projects financed by the Foundation for Science and Technology: "MCMH - Middle Class Mass Housing in Europe, Africa and Asia" (PTDC/ART-DAQ/30594/2017); and "Coast to Coast - Late Portuguese Infrastructural Development in Continental Africa (Angola and Mozambique): Critical and Historical Analysis and Postcolonial Assessment" (PTDC/ATP-AQI/0742/2014). As a fellow researcher, she has collaborated in several other projects, including "Homes for the biggest number: Lisbon, Luanda and Macao" (PTDC/ATP-AQI/3707/2012) and "The Colonial Urbanization Offices: Architectural Culture and Practice" (PTDC/AUR-AQI/104964/2008). She was a visiting researcher in the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture - Ghent University (Nov. 2015-Jan. 2016). Since 2011, she has participated in national and international conferences on Middle-class Housing, and on Architecture and Urbanism in the former Portuguese colonial African countries. She has published articles in books, magazines and conference proceedings, and has co-organized several conferences and exhibitions.